Chapter 7: Table of Contents
Identify the uterine body and horns. Lift rather than pull the gravid uterus as it will be distended and heavy. Isolate the horns and uterine body from the rest of abdomen with moistened towels or laparotomy sponges. Incise the ventral uterine body along midline. If possible, tent up the wall to prevent lacerating a puppy already engaged in the canal. Extend the incision longitudinally as required. The incision should be long enough to allow removal of puppies without difficulty or tearing of the uterine wall.