Chapter 8: Table of Contents
Vaginal Tunic and Epididymal Attachment
To perform an ‘open’ castration, you must incise the vaginal tunic. Once incised, the testis will easily extrude from the vaginal tunic but remains attached at the level of the epididymis.
Place a hemostatic clamp across the tunic where it attaches to the epididymis and digitally separate the ligament of the tail of the epididymis from the tunic without avulsing the tail of the epididymis from the testis. The tunic can now be separated and reflected towards the patient, exposing the testicular arteries, the venous pampiniform plexus and the ductus deferens.